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Tuesday, September 6, 2011

MODAL VERBS

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1-Os verbos modais ( can ,could, must, may, might  e should ) são verbos auxiliares que dão um significado específico para o verbo principal.
The students should read articles about organic foods
Verbo auxiliar       verbo principal
(Os estudantes  devem ler artigos sobre alimentos orgânicos)

2-Os verbos auxiliares SHOULD e OUGHT TO têm basicamente o mesmo significado, sendo ought to mais formal, e correspondem a deveria,em português. Podem ser usado para: dar conselhos, dar opiniões, fazer advertências, expressar obrigação e falar de expectativas.
3-Esses verbos:
·         São utilizados no infinitivo sem to
·         Precedem o verbo principal
·         Têm a  mesma forma para todas as pessoas
·         Não necessitam de outros verbos auxiliares para as formas negativas e interrogativas.
            
EXERCISES-1
1-Esses verbos indicam graus de certeza, obrigação, permissão, habilidade, etc. Veja o que eles indicam e dê exemplos.

Para fazer os exercícios e conhecer melhor os verbos modais click no link abaixo:
http://letras2009.wikispaces.com/Easy+English+-+activities 


Depois de fazer o exercício 1 ,faça a próxima atividade,lendo o texto abaixo e conhecendo os verbos modais  através de textos e frases,obeservando melhor o seu uso.

                               Population Explosion

           Whether we like to admit it or not, our very own rapidly multiplying presence on this planet is the , biggest environmental problem there is and it’s getting bigger by the minute. We voraciously consume resources, pollute the air and water, tear down natural habitats, introduce species into areas where they don’t belong and destroy ecosystems to the point of causing millions of species to become endangered and, all too often, go extinct.
          It took nearly all of human history – from the first days of man on earth until the early 1800’s – to reach a global population of 1 billion. In just 200 years, we’ve managed to reach 6.5 billion. That means the population has grown more since 1950 than in the previous four million years. We’re adding roughly 74 million people to the planet every year, a scary figure that will probably continue to increase. All of those mouths will need to be fed. All of those bodies will need clean water and a place to sleep. All of the new communities created to house those people will continue to encroach upon the natural world.
       All environmental problems as Mammal Extinction, The Ocean Dead Zones, a Collapsing Fish Stock, Destruction of the Rain Forest, Polar Sea Ice Loss,  CO2 Levels in the Atmosphere are very serious, and we’ve got to start treating them that way. We may not have easy solutions, but the fact is, we simply can’t continue living our lives as if everything is peachy. These problems aren’t going to magically solve themselves. We should have begun acting generations ago, but we can’t go back in time, and that means we have to step up our efforts. If we want to keep this planet a healthy place for humans to live – for our grandchildren to enjoy – it’s time to face problems  and do everything in our power to reverse the damage we’ve done.

(Adapted from: 7 Environmental Problems That Are Worse Than We Thought;: http://earthfirst.com/7-environmental-problems-that-are-worse-than-we-thought/)


Vocabulary
Whether – se,quer           tear down- destruir          belong – pertencer                  to the point –ao ponto
Own- própria                   endangered- ameaçadas de extinção              go extinct- extintos     It took-levou
nearly –quase                to reach-alcançar            we've managed –nós conseguimos      mean-significa  
grow-crescer            roughly-cerca de  scay –assustadora     increase- aumentar       fed- alimentadas
need-precisa           encroach – invadir, prejudicar    dead – morte     lost –perda     levels-níveis    star-começar
peachy- aveludado   begun-começado     efforts-esforços   step up-intensificar,reforçar      keep-manter
healthy-saudável      place-lugar   grandchildren-netos       in our power-ao nosso  alcance  damage-danos

1-    Answer the questions below in Portuguese: ( Responda às perguntas em português )

a) Segundo o texto ,qual o maior problema ambiental?
b) E porque está ficando pior a cada minuto?
c) Quantas pessoas são adicionadas no planeta a cada ano? E quais as conseqüências disso?
d) Que outros problemas ambientais são mencionados no texto?
e) Segundo o texto o que deveríamos ter feito?
2-Rewrite the sentences from text that appers modal verbs : (Reescrever as frases do texto que aparecem verbos modais)

3-What do you should do to save the Earth? ( O que você  deveria fazer para salvar a Terra?)
Match the correct answers and  say what these sentences express, use the words below. ( Marque as respostas corretas e diga o que estas frases expressam)
 deduction    -  permission -  prohibition  -  request  -  obligation – advice – capacity-
possibility  

a)  I should save the earth recycling paper    
b) The government must face the environmental problems now.
c)  I should separate my garbage.
d)  The government must invest in infrastructure.
e)  I should use less water.
f)  He could invest in infrastructure.
g) I should be kind to trees.
h) May you take a flower in your garden?
i)  I can help the planet.
j)   If I could heal the planet earth.
l)   Would I help the animals.?
m) We ought to help the planet now .
n) You mustn’t destroy the forests.
o)Can I plant a tree on the street?

Space Satation

      What is it?

*      The International Space Station (ISS) will be a little “city in space” orbiting 250 miles above the Earth. About the size of two football fields, the space station will be a place where people from around the world can live and study in space over long periods of time. 

        Why is it being build?
Sixteen countries are spending billions of dollars, many years, and risking the dangers of space to build the space station because they believe the benefits of the station will ultimate outweigh the enormous costs..Perhaps the most important benefit is that the space station allows humans to live and study for long periods in microgravity, or a “weightless” environment  
       Who is building?
*      Sixteen countries from around the world are collaborating on the International Space Station. These international partners are as follows: United States, Russia, Canada, Japan, Brazil ,European Space Agency (Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland
       When will it be complete?
*      The first piece of the space station was Zarya, the Russian control module that was launched into orbit November 20, 1998. A few weeks later, on December 4, 1998, the U.S. module Unity was launched into space. On December 7, 1998, the two modules were connected. This assembly in space was an amazing feat, but it is just the beginning. More than 100 pieces must be connected before the station is complete. The final components are scheduled for 2006—but with all the challenges and dangers ahead, the station may be completed even later than that.


      How will astronauts live there?

*      Life in space will certainly take some getting used to! But the space station has been designed to keep the astronauts as comfortable as possible. 
            Where is it now?
     The space station travels at an incredible 17,500 miles per hour, orbiting the Earth every 90 minutes- that’s 16 times days.
*       
*       
      What will astronauts do for fun?
  They will read books, play cards, listen to music, send e-mail to their friends and family. They might just sit and look out the window. Doesn’t sound very exciting? What if the view out your window was planet Earth, with a sunset or sunrise every 45 minutes?

(Adapted from: http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/spacestation/basics/when.html)


*      1-No texto há várias previsões sobre acontecimentos futures. Observe, por exemplo, as seguintes frases:
*       
*      “…will be a little “city in space” orbiting 250 miles above the Earth”
*       
*      “…but with all the challenges and dangers ahead, the station may be completed even later than that. “
*       
*      a)Você pode concluir , então, que, quando o autor tem certeza de que os fatos realmente vão acontecer,ele usa antes dos verbos principais: will  ou may /migth ?
*       
*      b) Quando o autor fala de acontecimentos futuros sobre osquais ele não tem certeza,achando que são apenas possíveis ,ele usa antes dos verbos principais: will  ou may / might ?
*       
*      2- Sobre o que os astronautas farão para se divertir o autor diz:
*       
*      “They might just sit and look out the window”
*       
*      a)O verbo  might indica uma ação  que irá acontecer certamente ou possivelmente?Por quê?Explique de acordo com o texto.
*       
*      3- Agora diga se as frase abaixo, expressam ações que irão acontecer certamente ou possivelmente.
*       
a)    In the 21st century, people might live in space cities.
b)    Our dream of living and working in space may soon become a reality.
c)    Whole cities may float in space, thousands of kilometers from the Earth.
d)    Astronauts may live and work in space hundreds of kilometers above the Earth.
e)    They will read books, play cards, listen to music, send e-mail to their friends and family.
f)     Life in space will certainly take some getting used to.



GABARITO
1-    a) will
b) may ou might
           2- Possivelmente. Não soar muito excitante? E se a vista pela janela era o planeta Terra, com um pôr   do sol ou nascer do sol a cada 45 minutos?
             3-a) Possivelmente
                 b) Possivelemnte
                c) Possivelmente
                d) Possivelmente
                e) Certamente
                f) Certamente

Visite o site de onde foi retirado o texto sobre estação espacial : Discovery Education. É simplesmente fantástico

http://www.discoveryeducation.com/








3 comments:

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  2. Querida amiga, tenha um ótimo final de semana, bjus...

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  3. Oi querida Eralda, desejo-te um lindo final de semana e que seu domingo seja muito especial, que Deus te abençoe grandemente, bjus...

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